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Top 20 Interview Questions for Automation Testers

interview questions May 29, 2024

Automation testing has evolved into a full-fledged career in the software industry. Professionals in automation testing collaborate closely with development teams to ensure timely project delivery.

This career path offers numerous advantages and lucrative opportunities for modern professionals. To excel as an automation tester, it's crucial to be well-prepared.

In this article, we will cover all the top interview questions that testers should familiarize themselves with before their next interview to increase their chances of success.

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Basic Interview Questions for Automation Testers

We will start with the basic questions to ensure you are fully prepared and gradually progress to more advanced automation tester interview questions.

1) What is Automation Testing?

Automation testing is a process that uses automation tools to perform repetitive tasks, aiming to reduce human effort and eliminate human errors, bugs, or vulnerabilities in the script.

This method is crucial in software development, especially for continuous testing and delivery, where frequent updates are needed.

2) Why is Automation Testing Important?

Here are the benefits of automation testing:

  • Faster Feedback Cycle: Test automation speeds up the feedback process for new features, enabling quicker validation during development. It helps detect problems or bugs early, boosting the team’s efficiency.
  • Time Savings for the Team: Automating testing procedures reduces the time the team spends validating new features. It also improves communication with departments like marketing, design, or product owners, who can easily check automated test logs.
  • Higher Test Coverage: Automation allows for more extensive testing than manual methods. More features can be tested, resulting in a higher-quality application. Developers can write in-depth tests for complex scenarios, running lengthy tests unattended.
  • Faster Time to Market: Continuous testing and validation of newly developed features reduce the feedback and testing cycle, allowing companies to bring products to market more quickly.
  • Better Insights: When failures occur, automated testing provides deeper insights than manual testing. It offers detailed information about memory contents, data tables, file contents, and other internal states, helping developers diagnose issues more effectively.
  • Enhanced Testing Capabilities: Automation can simulate thousands of virtual users interacting with an application, a scenario impractical to test manually. This feature saves developers significant time and provides valuable performance insights.

3) What Are the Distinctions Between Manual and Automation Testing?

Following are the key differences between manual and automation testing:


Automation Testing

Manual Testing


Faster than manual testing

Time-consuming requires human resources

Exploratory Testing

Does not allow random testing

Allows exploratory testing

Initial Investment

Higher investment required

Lower investment required


More reliable, performed by tools/scripts

Possibility of human error

Investment Type

Requires investment in tools and automation engineers

Requires investment in human resources


More cost-effective

Less cost-effective, lower ROI

Test Reports

Readily available through an automation system

Updated in Excel/Word, not easily accessible

Performance Testing

Required for load, stress, spike testing

Difficult to perform manually


Less complex test execution setup

Straightforward test execution setup

4) Can You Name a Few Commonly Utilized Tools for Automation Testing?

Some popular automation testing tools used are Selenium for web applications, Appium for mobile apps, Cypress for modern web applications, TestComplete and Ranorex for desktop and web apps, UFT for functional testing, Robot Framework with its keyword-driven approach, Watir for automating web browsers using Ruby, and Cucumber for Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) across various platforms.

When discussing popular tools for automation testing, it's essential to mention LambdaTest.

LambdaTest is an AI-powered test orchestration and execution platform that lets you run manual and automated tests at scale with over 3000+ real devices, browsers, and OS combinations.

It offers a range of features designed to streamline testing processes and ensure optimal performance across different platforms:

  • It allows you to conduct real-time testing for mobile and desktop environments, allowing immediate feedback on website or application performance.
  • It supports automated and manual testing across various browsers, empowering testers to choose the best approach that suits their needs.
  • Testers can capture bugs and issues directly during testing, facilitating quick identification and resolution.
  • It enables testers to identify layout issues, functionality glitches, and performance variations resulting from differences in rendering across different platforms.
  • The platform provides interactive testing for real-time user interaction and screenshot testing to detect visual disparities across different environments.
  • It effortlessly adapts to fluctuating testing demands, ensuring seamless performance even during peak periods.
  • With GPS and IP-based geolocation testing capabilities, users can simulate location-based scenarios to validate application behavior.

5) What Is an Automation Testing Framework?

The testing frameworks are a set of guidelines designed to streamline the process of automating tests. It includes functional libraries, object details, test data sources, methods, and reusable models to support testing efforts.

6) What Factors Do You Consider When Choosing a Tool or Framework for Automated Testing?

Their simple yet efficient approach to selecting the right automation tool for a project involves the following steps:

  • Understand Your Project Requirements Thoroughly
  • Consider Your Existing Test Automation Tool as a Benchmark
  • Identify the Key Criteria Suitable for a Project
  • Leverage the Pugh Matrix Technique for Analysis
  • Analyzing the Results

7) Who Should Be Responsible for Test Automation?

In automation testing, a unified team is responsible for handling the creation of websites, executing the testing process, and managing the server where the test scripts are running.

This team is entrusted with the mission of delivering a top-tier software system. Consequently, developers and quality assurance specialists must collaborate and synergize their skills to ensure effective automation testing.

8) What Are the Benefits of Automation Testing?

Here are the benefits of automation testing:

  • Increased test coverage and ability to run more tests, including complex scenarios.
  • Faster test execution and feedback cycle, enabling quicker product releases.
  • Improved accuracy and consistency by eliminating human error.
  • Reusable test scripts and suites, reducing long-term maintenance efforts.
  • Ability to run tests unattended, saving time and resources.
  • Better reporting and analytics for easier tracking and identification of issues.
  • Support for regression testing, ensuring new changes don't break existing functionality.
  • Capability for parallel test execution, further reducing testing time.

9) What Are the Limitations of Automation Testing?

Here are some key limitations of automation testing:

  • High initial investment.
  • Extensive test script maintenance.
  • Limited exploratory testing.
  • Inability to test subjective aspects.
  • Difficulty in testing complex scenarios.
  • Lack of decision-making capability.

10) What Is a Test Environment?

A test environment is a special setup for testing software, allowing you to execute the test cases you've defined. It includes hardware, software, and network configurations to support test execution.

The main purpose of a test environment is to help the QA team check system components and identify potential errors.

These environments can use on-site hardware and software or run in the cloud using remote servers. Regardless of the setup, the test environment must replicate the production scenarios, meaning it should use the actual devices or browsers the software will run on.

Advanced Interview Questions for Automation Testers

You can expect to face advanced interview questions that delve deeper into your specialized skills and expertise. Following are some advanced questions.

1) What Advantages Does the Page Object Model Provide?

The advantages of the Page Object Model (POM) are:

1. Code Reusability:

  • POM promotes code reusability across web pages by allowing teams to write common methods.
  • Example: If multiple web pages use a calendar functionality, a single method can be created to handle it and then reused across these pages.

2. Code Readability:

  • POM enhances code readability by organizing code such that each web page has its class file for storing locators, methods, and test steps.
  • Structure:
  • Locator Class File: Contains only the locators for a specific web page (e.g.,, By.xpath,, By.className).
  • Method Class File: Contains the logic methods related to that web page.
  • Test Class File: Contains the test steps related to that web page.
  • Example:
  • Contains locators and methods for the login page.
  • Contains test steps for the login page.

3. Code Maintenance:

  • POM simplifies code maintenance. If updates are required, changes can be made at the method level and will automatically be reflected wherever the method is used.
  • Keep test cases short and clean.

4. Integration with Testing Tools:

  • POM can be easily integrated with other testing tools like TestNG and JUnit.
  • Enhances the overall testing framework by leveraging the strengths of these tools.

2) What Are the Various Stages in the Life Cycle of Automation Testing?

Here are the essential steps to follow when implementing automation testing:

  1. Define Goals: Clearly define the objectives for automation testing.
  2. Scope Definition: Determine the scope of automation testing, including what functionalities and test cases will be automated.
  3. Select Automation Types: Choose the types of automation testing and the specific test cases to automate.
  4. Build Test Scripts: Develop test scripts and suites to execute the selected test cases.
  5. Execution: Execute the automated tests using automation tools.
  6. Record Test Logs: Record test logs in a specific format to effectively analyze and report test results.

3) What Is Selenium? What Are Its Advantages and Disadvantages?

Selenium is a widely recognized web automation tool for browser automation and cross-browser testing.


  • Language and Framework Support.
  • Open Source Availability.
  • Multi-Browser Support.
  • Support Across Various Operations.
  • Ease of Implementation.
  • Reusability and Integrations.


  • There is limited support for testing desktop applications.
  • A steep learning curve exists for beginners.
  • Lack of built-in reporting and test management features.
  • Maintenance of test scripts can be challenging.

4) What Are Some of the Unique Alternatives to Selenium?

Here are some unique alternatives to Selenium for automation testing:

  • Cypress
  • Puppeteer
  • Robot Framework

5) Compare Selenium WebDriver v3 vs v4

Here's a comparison of Selenium WebDriver v3 and v4:

Selenium WebDriver v3:


  • Stability: Selenium WebDriver v3 has been around for a while and is considered stable, with many bugs already fixed.
  • Compatibility: It is well-supported by various browsers, operating systems, and programming languages.
  • Reliability: Many organizations have already implemented Selenium WebDriver v3 in their testing frameworks, making it a trusted choice.
  • Community Support: Being the earlier version, Selenium WebDriver v3 has a larger community base, extensive documentation, and numerous resources available online.


  • Limited Features: Compared to v4, Selenium WebDriver v3 may lack some of the newer features and improvements introduced in the latest version.
  • Future Updates: As newer versions are developed, support and updates for v3 may eventually phase out, necessitating migration to newer versions.
  • Browser Compatibility: While generally compatible, v3 may encounter issues with the latest browser versions and features.

Selenium WebDriver v4:


  • Enhanced Stability: Selenium v4 aims to improve stability further, addressing issues present in previous versions.
  • Modernization: It introduces updates aligning with the latest browser standards and technologies, ensuring compatibility with newer versions.
  • Performance Improvements: v4 may offer enhancements such as faster test execution times and improved resource management.
  • New Features: Selenium WebDriver v4 may introduce new features and functionalities, enhancing the framework's testing capabilities.


  • Limited Adoption: As a newer release, Selenium WebDriver v4 may have a smaller user base and fewer resources available compared to v3.
  • Compatibility Challenges: Early versions of software can sometimes encounter compatibility issues with certain browsers or plugins until they are fully optimized.
  • Learning Curve: Users familiar with v3 may face a learning curve when transitioning to v4, as they must adapt to new features and changes in the framework's architecture.

6) What Version Control Systems Do You Use?

Version control helps teams track changes in their code. As projects become more complicated and fast-paced, having tools to manage code changes becomes crucial.

These tools keep a history of all changes, making it easy to undo mistakes by returning to earlier code versions.

There are different version control systems available. In an interview, I'd mention the ones I prefer:

  • GitHub
  • Apache Subversion (SVN)

7) How Could You Optimize the Speed of an Automated Test Suite?

Automated test suites are crucial for software testing as they operate without manual intervention. However, testing can slow down, especially with UI testing involving numerous elements.

Here are some of the methods to expedite the execution of the automation test suite:

  • Using API Layers: Incorporating API testing can accelerate the process by focusing on functionality without UI complexities. This method is faster and more stable than UI testing. However, it may not cover all user interactions and has limited scope.
  • Improving Computing Power: Upgrading hardware components such as CPUs and RAM can swiftly enhance test execution speed, particularly for resource-intensive tasks. While this method provides immediate speed improvements, it can be costly and may not always yield significant gains.
  • Leveraging Parallel Execution: Running multiple tests concurrently on different machines or threads can drastically reduce test suite execution time by optimizing resource utilization. Although this approach offers efficient resource usage, it introduces complexity in setup and execution and may require additional infrastructure.
  • Employing Efficient Test Setup and Teardown: Streamlining test setup and teardown processes can expedite test execution and enhance resource utilization. While this method improves overall efficiency, it requires careful planning and maintenance and may not be suitable for all tests.
  • Using HyperExecute:  It is an AI-powered test execution platform that is up to 70% faster than other test grids. It efficiently runs your tests, allowing you to concentrate on creating test cases. HyperExecute is scalable, reliable, secure, and ideal for enterprise-grade testing.

8) What QA Challenges Arise in Agile Software Development?

Agile software development involves building apps and testing them as you go. However, this approach has challenges for Quality Assurance (QA) teams.

One challenge is that sometimes, testing doesn't get enough attention. Since Agile focuses more on building and less on documentation, errors might slip through the cracks.

Another issue is that testers might do tasks beyond their usual job. For example, they might start doing some development work, which can affect their testing quality.

Also, because Agile moves fast and introduces new features quickly, testing those features thoroughly can be challenging. This rush can lead to lower-quality final products.

During a technical interview, discussing these challenges and how you'd tackle them can show how well you'd fit into a company's Agile practices.

9) What Features Will You Look for When Selecting an Automation Tool?

When selecting an automation tool, some key features to look for include:

  • Support for the target application's technologies and platforms (web, mobile, desktop, etc.).
  • Compatibility with the programming languages and frameworks utilized by the development team. Ease of use and a user-friendly interface for writing, executing, and maintaining tests.
  • Support for parallel execution and distributed testing for faster test runs.
  • Robust object identification and synchronization mechanisms for reliable testing.
  • Support for data-driven testing and the ability to separate test data from test logic.
  • Licensing costs and ongoing maintenance and support considerations.

10) What Is CAPTCHA? How Do You Automate It?

CAPTCHA, which stands for Completely Automated Public Turing Test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart, is a security feature employed on websites to distinguish between human users and automated programs or bots.

It commonly presents a distorted image or text that requires a human user to interpret and input correctly to verify their identity.

Automating CAPTCHA can be challenging because it is designed to be complex for machines to solve. However, there are a few approaches that can be used:

  • Image recognition techniques: Using computer vision and machine learning algorithms to analyze and recognize the characters or patterns in the CAPTCHA image.
  • Optical Character Recognition (OCR): Using OCR libraries to extract and recognize the text from the CAPTCHA image.
  • Third-party CAPTCHA solving services: Utilizing online services that employ human workers or advanced AI to solve CAPTCHAs on demand.
  • Audio CAPTCHA: If the website provides an audio CAPTCHA option, speech recognition libraries can convert the audio into text.
  • Bypassing CAPTCHA: In some cases, it may be possible to bypass the CAPTCHA altogether by analyzing the website's code and finding alternative ways to authenticate or submit forms.


These interview questions will help you assess your preparation level and boost your confidence, setting you up for success in your automation testing career.

Mastering these questions can also pave the way for you to become an automation test engineer.


Zoi Kotsou

Copywriter - Content writer - Content Strategist

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